Salman bin Abdulaziz Al Saud's arrival marks the first visit by a Saudi monarch to Russia. The head of the royal family was greeted by Vice-Premier Dmitry Rogozin, President's Special Envoy for the Middle East and Africa Mikhail Bogdanov and Saudi Ambassador to Russia Abdulrahman Ibrahim Al Rassi.
The king is schedule to meet Russian President Vladimir Putin for talks on trade, investment and culture.
Salman bin Abdulaziz Al Saud will also meet Prime Minister Dmitry Medvedev.