Группа стратегического видения "Россия - Исламский мир"

Group of Strategic Vision "Russia - Islamic World"

Lebanon

Location: Located on the East coast of the Mediterranean Sea, Lebanon is at the meeting point of three continents: Europe , Asia and Africa . Lebanon has been the crossroad of many civilizations ; the traces of which can still be seen today. Its countryside is a place of rocks, cedar trees and magnificent ruins that look down from the mountains to the sea.
Area: 4000 sq m (10452 sq km)

Lebanese Flag: "The Lebanese flag is composed of red, white and red horizontal stripes, with a green cedar in the middle of the center white stripe"

Lebanese Flag: "The Lebanese flag is composed of red, white and red horizontal stripes, with a green cedar in the middle of the center white stripe"

Major Cities: Beirut (Capital 1.3 m), Tripoli, Sidon, Zahle, Tyre and Jounieh.

Climate: Lebanon enjoys an essential four season Mediterranean climate with rainy winters, moderate springs, warm summers and regular autumns, with an average of 300 sunny days a year. The winter is mild on the coast and snowy in the mountains and the summer is hot on the coast but cooler in the mountains. Lebanon is the only country in the Middle East that doesn’t have a desert.

Population:
3 million Lebanese live in Lebanon (Estimate 2001, last official census 1932)
15 million Lebanese and Lebanese decedents are estimated to be living around the globe
(Largest: Brazil 7 million, USA 3 million)

Ethnic Groups: Lebanon encompasses a great mix of cultures and ethnic groups which have been building up for more than 6000 years. Most of the Lebanese are descendants of thePhoenicians/Canaanites and/or West Aramaic (50-70%). The second largest ethnic group in Lebanon descends from Arabs (20-30%). Armenians, Greeks, Assyrians, Hebrews, Kurds, Persians and others form about (10-20%).

Religions: There is no state religion in Lebanon . However, Lebanon officially recognizes 17 religious sects of Christianity, Islam and Judaism. The estimate of religion distribution in Lebanon now is about 1% minorities, 40% Christians and about 60% Muslims.

Languages: Lebanese (Spoken), Arabic (Formal), French, English and Armenian

Education: About 60% of the schools in Lebanon use French as their basic language of education, about 20% use English, while 20% use both French and English as basic languages for education. Arabic language and Literature are taught in all schools, and the Arabic language is used in some schools for Philosophy, History and Sociology material.
Although a tiny country; Lebanon is well known for its American and European colleges and universities. The best-known American-system educational institutions are the American University of Beirut (AUB), Lebanese American University (LAU), Notre Dame University (NDU) and Balamand University . The best-known French-system schools are University of Saint Joseph (USJ) and University of the Holy Spirit (USEK, Kaslik). The (National) Lebanese University is centered in Beirut and also has four branches in the remaining districts of Lebanon.

Lebanese cuisine: The cuisine of Lebanon is the epitome of the Mediterranean diet. It includes an abundance of fruits, vegetables, starches, fresh fish and seafood. The enduring tradition of the Lebanese is starters; Mezza also known as hors d'oeuvres. Traditionally, the Lebanese food is served with Arak ; a clear licorice flavored liqueur made locally from grapes. When ice water is added to the Arak, the color turns into a cloudy white concoction and is the perfect addition to any Lebanese meal. The Lebanese have spread their cuisine to all parts of the world. It has become well known in fine restaurants in London , Paris , New York and Sidney serve tabboule, kibbee, hummus and baba’gannouj.

Government: By constitutional law, Lebanon is still one of the very few democracies in the entire Middle East with a constitution agreed upon in 1926. However, Lebanon lost its major features of democracy and human rights during 29 years of Syrian occupation (1976-2005)

Public and political figure in Lebanon Wassim Khalil Kalaajieh's speech at the meeting of the Russia-Islamic World Strategic Vision Group, Moscow, June 11-12, 2015.

The speech of Rodrigue El Khoury, the leader of the Orthodox party (Lebanon), at the second international media forum "Journalists of Muslim countries against extremism".

The speech of Rodrigue El Khoury, the leader of the Orthodox party (Lebanon), at the second international media forum "Journalists of Muslim countries against extremism".

The speech of Khodor Taleb, journalist of «Assafir» newspaper (Lebanon), at the second international media forum "Journalists of Muslim countries against extremism".

The speech of Rodrigue El Khoury, the leader of the Orthodox party (Lebanon), at the second international media forum "Journalists of Muslim countries against extremism".

The speech of Abdallah Jabril, editor-in-chief of lebanese newspaper«Ath-Thabat», at the second international media forum "Journalists of Muslim countries against extremism".

In the continuation of the speech of Nasib Huteit, professor of Lebanon University, member of Lebanese Journalists Union and Arabic Journalists Association, at the International media forum "Journalists of Muslim countries against extremism".

The speech of Nasib Huteit, professor of Lebanon University, member of Lebanese Journalists Union and Arabic Journalists Association, at the International media forum "Journalists of Muslim countries against extremism".

The speech of Salem Zahran, observer, "Al-Jumhuriyah", Lebanese newspaper commentator on “OTV” and “LBC” channels, at the International media forum "Journalists of Muslim countries against extremism".

The speech of Nasib Huteit, professor of Lebanon University, member of Lebanese Journalists Union and Arabic Journalists Association, at the International media forum "Journalists of Muslim countries against extremism".